The Review by the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations
The Panel recommended 4 essential shifts in its report that was presented before the Secretary-General on June 16, 2015:
- Primacy of politics. Lasting peace is achieved through political solutions and not through military and technical engagements alone. Political solutions must guide all UN peace operations.
- Responsive operations. UN missions should be tailored to context. The UN should embrace the term ‘peace operations’ to denote the full spectrum of responses.
- Stronger partnerships. A more resilient global and regional architecture for international peace and security is needed for the future. The UN must lay out a vision and help enable others.
- Field-focused and people-centered. UN Headquarters should focus more on enabling field missions and UN personnel must renew their resolve to serve and protect the people.
The Secretary-General took forward the recommendations made by the panel in his subsequent implementation report on the future of peace operations. This report, which came out on September 2nd, 2015, three fundamental changes were highlighted:
- The need to prioritize prevention and mediation, in order to break the cycle of responding too late and too expansively
- The need to change the way the United Nations plans and conducts its peace operations to make them faster, more responsive, and more accountable to countries and people in conflict
- The need to put in place a global-regional framework to manage today’s peace and security challenges – which should start with a reinforced partnership between the United Nations and the African Union.